Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Data from: Maternal-by-environment but not genotype-by-environment interactions in a fish without parental care

Citation

Vega-Trejo, Regina; Head, Megan L.; Jennions, Michael D.; Kruuk, Loeske E.B. (2017), Data from: Maternal-by-environment but not genotype-by-environment interactions in a fish without parental care, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9s1gm

Abstract

The impact of environmental conditions on the expression of genetic variance and on maternal effects variance remains an important question in evolutionary quantitative genetics. We investigate here the effects of early environment on variation in seven adult life history, morphological, and secondary sexual traits (including sperm characteristics) in a viviparous poeciliid fish, the mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki. Specifically, we manipulated food availability during early development and then assessed additive genetic and maternal effects contributions to the overall phenotypic variance in adults. We found higher heritability for female than male traits, but maternal effects variance for traits in both sexes. An interaction between maternal effects variance and rearing environment affected two adult traits: female age at maturity and male size at maturity. But there was no evidence of trade-offs in maternal effects across environments. Our results illustrate (i) the potential for pre-natal maternal effects to interact with offspring environment during development, potentially affecting traits through to adulthood and (ii) that genotype-by-environment interactions might be overestimated if maternal-by-environment interactions are not accounted for, similar to heritability being overestimated if maternal effects are ignored. We also discuss the potential for dominance genetic variance to contribute to the estimate of maternal effects variance.

Usage Notes