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Data from: Exogenous testosterone increases the audience effect in healthy males: evidence for the social status hypothesis

Citation

Wu, Yin (2020), Data from: Exogenous testosterone increases the audience effect in healthy males: evidence for the social status hypothesis , Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9s4mw6md1

Abstract

Several studies have implicated testosterone in the modulation of altruistic behaviours instrumental to advancing social status. Independent studies have also shown that people tend to behave more altruistically when being watched (i.e., audience effect). To date, little is known about whether testosterone could modulate the audience effect. In the current study, we tested the effect of testosterone on altruistic behaviour using a donation task, wherein participants were asked to either accept or reject a monetary transfer to a charity organization accompanying a personal cost either in the presence or absence of an observer. We administered testosterone gel or placebo to healthy young men (n = 140) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, mixed design. Our results showed that participants were more likely to accept the monetary transfer to the charity when being observed compared to when they completed the task alone. More importantly, this audience effect was amplified among people receiving testosterone vs. placebo. Our findings suggest that testosterone administration increases the audience effect and further buttress the social status hypothesis, according to which testosterone promotes status-seeking behaviour in a context-dependent manner.

Methods

The data was collected through lab testing. It was analyzed in R.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31872784

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31600923