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Data from: Does ecological specialization transcend scale? Habitat partitioning among individuals and species of Anolis lizards

Citation

Kamath, Ambika; Losos, Jonathan B. (2016), Data from: Does ecological specialization transcend scale? Habitat partitioning among individuals and species of Anolis lizards, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9vk07

Abstract

Ecological specialization is common across all levels of biological organization, raising the question of whether the evolution of specialization at one scale in a taxon is linked to specialization at other scales. Anolis lizards have diversified repeatedly along axes of habitat use, but it remains unknown if this diversification into habitat use specialists is underlain by individual specialization. From repeated observations of individuals in a population of Anolis sagrei in Florida, we show that the extent of habitat use specialization among individuals is comparable to the extent of specialization in the same traits among ten sympatric Anolis habitat specialist species in Cuba. However, the adaptive correlations between habitat use and morphology commonly seen across species of Anolis were not observed across individuals in the sampled population. Our results therefore suggest that while patterns of ecological specialization can transcend scale, these parallels are the consequence of distinct ecological processes acting at microevolutionary and macroevolutionary scales.

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