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Data from: Genetic growth potential, rather than phenotypic size, predicts migration phenotype in Atlantic salmon

Citation

Debes, Paul Vincent; Piavchenko, Nikolai; Erkinaro, Jaakko; Primmer, Craig (2020), Data from: Genetic growth potential, rather than phenotypic size, predicts migration phenotype in Atlantic salmon, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9w0vt4bbw

Abstract

Knowledge of the relative importance of genetic versus environmental determinants of major developmental transitions is pertinent to understanding phenotypic evolution. In salmonid fishes, a major developmental transition enables a risky seaward migration that provides access to feed resources. In Atlantic salmon, initiation of the migrant phenotype, and thus age of migrants, is presumably controlled via thresholds of a quantitative liability, approximated by body size expressed long before the migration. However, how well size approximates liability, both genetically and environmentally, remains uncertain. We studied 32 Atlantic salmon families in two temperatures and feeding regimes (fully fed, temporarily restricted) to completion of migration status at age 1 year. We detected a lower migrant probability in the cold (0.42) than the warm environment (0.76), but no effects of male maturation status or feed restriction. By contrast, body length in late summer predicted migrant probability and its control reduced migrant probability heritability by 50–70%. Furthermore, migrant probability and length showed high heritabilities and between-environment genetic correlations, and were phenotypically highly correlated with stronger genetic than environmental contributions. Altogether, quantitative estimates for the genetic and environmental effects predicting the migrant phenotype indicate, for a given temperature, a larger importance of genetic than environmental size effects.

Methods

Described in manuscript.

Usage Notes

Data from fish that died during the study were removed.

Funding

H2020 European Research Council, Award: 742312

Academy of Finland, Award: 284941

Academy of Finland, Award: 286334

Academy of Finland, Award: 314254

Academy of Finland, Award: 314255