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Predominant spastic paraparesis associated with the D178N mutation in PRNP

Citation

Thams, Sebastian et al. (2021), Predominant spastic paraparesis associated with the D178N mutation in PRNP, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9w0vt4bfn

Abstract

Here we report on a 70-year-old female presenting with an unusual progressive syndrome with fatal outcome. The predominant features in this case were spastic paraparesis, cognitive decline and respiratory failure. Relatives affected with a similar syndrome were previously diagnosed with lipofuscinosis. However, whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in our case did not reveal any pathogenic variants in genes associated with lipofuscinosis, but instead detected the known D178 variant in PRNP. The course of disease was rapid despite the presence of methione at codon 129 in the mutated and valine in the healthy allele of PRNP. Typical neuropathological abnormalities for familial fatal insomnia (FFI) were found, Western blot analysis suggested a type 2B prion protein isoform. The serendipitous diagnosis obtained with WGS illustrates a role for the method in elusive cases.