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Data from: Root vertical distributions of two Artemisia species and their relationships with soil resources in the Hunshandake desert, China

Citation

Ma, Linna; Gao, Xiuli; Liu, Xiaoqiang; Wang, Renzohng (2020), Data from: Root vertical distributions of two Artemisia species and their relationships with soil resources in the Hunshandake desert, China, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9zw3r22b4

Abstract

  1. Plant root variations and their relations with soil moisture and nutrient supply have been well documented for many species, while effects of drought, combined with extreme poor soil nutrients, on plant roots remain unclear.
  2. Herein, we addressed root vertical distributions of two typical xerophyte semishrub species, Artemisia sphaerocephala and A. intramongolica, and their relations with soil moisture, total soil nitrogen and carbon contents in arid Hunshandake desert, China. The two species experienced similar light regimes and precipitation, but differed in soil moisture and soil nutrients.
  3. Root vertical distribution patterns (e.g., coarse root diameter, root depth and root biomass) differed considerable for the two species due to high heterogeneity of soil environments. Coarse and fine root biomasses for A. intramongolica, distributed in relatively moist fixed dunes, mainly focused on surface layers (94%); but those for A. sphaerocephala dropped gradually from the surface to 140 cm depth. Relations between root traits (e.g., diameter, root biomass) and soil moisture were positive for A. intramongolica, but those for A. sphaerocephala were negative.
  4. In general, the root traits for both species positively correlated with total soil nitrogen and carbon contents. These findings suggest that both soil moisture and poor soil nutrients were the limiting resources for growth and settlement of these two species.

Funding

the National Key Research and Development Program of China, Award: 2016YFC0500501