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Data from: Dietary and developmental shifts in butterfly-associated bacterial communities

Citation

Phalnikar, Kruttika; Kunte, Krushnamegh; Agashe, Deepa (2018), Data from: Dietary and developmental shifts in butterfly-associated bacterial communities, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.b01k5

Abstract

Bacterial communities associated with insects can substantially influence host ecology, evolution and behavior. Host diet is a key factor that shapes bacterial communities, but the impact of dietary transitions across insect development is poorly understood. We analyzed bacterial communities of 12 butterfly species across different development stages, using amplicon sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. Butterfly larvae typically consume leaves of a single host plant, whereas adults are more generalist nectar feeders. Thus, we expected bacterial communities to vary substantially across butterfly development. Surprisingly,only few species showed significant dietary and developmental transitions in bacterial communities, suggesting weak impacts of dietary transitions across butterfly development. On the other hand, bacterial communities were strongly influenced by butterfly species and family identity, potentially due to dietary and physiological variation across the host phylogeny. Larvae of most butterfly species largely mirrored bacterial community composition of their diets, suggesting passive acquisition rather than active selection. Overall, our results suggest that although butterflies harbor distinct microbiomes across taxonomic groups and dietary guilds, the dramatic dietary shifts that occur during development do not impose strong selection to maintain distinct bacterial communities across all butterfly hosts.

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