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Data from: Selection, periodicity and potential function for highly iterative Palindrome-1 (HIP1) in cyanobacterial genomes

Citation

Xu, Minli; Lawrence, Jeffrey G.; Durand, Dannie (2019), Data from: Selection, periodicity and potential function for highly iterative Palindrome-1 (HIP1) in cyanobacterial genomes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.b301d

Abstract

Highly Iterated Palindrome 1 (HIP1, GCGATCGC) is hyper-abundant in most cyanobacterial genomes. In some cyanobacteria, average HIP1 abundance exceeds one motif per gene. Such high abundance suggests a significant role in cyanobacterial biology. However, 20 years of study have not revealed whether HIP1 has a function, much less what that function might be. We show that HIP1 is 15-300 fold over-represented in genomes analysed. More importantly, HIP1 sites are conserved both within and between open reading frames, suggesting that their overabundance is maintained by selection rather than by continual replenishment by neutral processes, such as biased DNA repair. This evidence for selection suggests a functional role for HIP1. No evidence was found to support a functional role as a peptide or RNA motif or a role in the regulation of gene expression. Rather, we demonstrate that the distribution of HIP1 along cyanobacterial chromosomes is significantly periodic, with periods ranging from 10 to 90 kb, consistent in scale with periodicities reported for co-regulated, co-expressed, and evolutionarily correlated genes. The periodicity we observe is also comparable in scale to chromosomal interaction domains previously described in other bacteria. In this context, our findings imply HIP1 functions associated with chromosome and nucleoid structure.

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