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Genome wide IStraw90 SNP array probes

Citation

Verma, Sujeet (2020), Genome wide IStraw90 SNP array probes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.b5mkkwhc7

Abstract

The University of Florida strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa) breeding program has implemented genomic  prediction (GP) as a tool for choosing outstanding parents for crosses over the last five seasons. This has allowed the use of some parents one year earlier than with traditional methods, thus reducing the duration of the breeding cycle. However, as the number of breeding cycles increases over time, greater knowledge is needed on how multiple cycles can be used in the practical implementation of GP in strawberry breeding. Advanced selections and cultivars totaling 1,558 unique individuals were tested in field trials for yield and fruit quality traits over five consecutive years and genotyped for 9,908 SNP markers. Prediction of breeding values was carried out using Bayes B models. Independent validation was carried out using separate trials/years as training (TRN) and testing (TST) populations. Single-trial predictive abilities for five polygenic traits averaged 0.35, which was reduced to 0.24 when individuals common across trials were excluded, emphasizing the importance of relatedness among training and testing populations. Training populations including up to four previous breeding cycles increased predictive abilities, likely due to increases in both training population size and relatedness. Predictive ability was also strongly influenced by heritability, but less so by changes in linkage disequilibrium and effective population size. Genotype by year interactions were minimal. A strategy for practical implementation of GP in strawberry breeding is outlined that uses multiple cycles to predict parental performance and accounts for traits not included in GP models when constructing crosses. Given the importance of relatedness to the success of GP in strawberry, future work could focus on the optimization of relatedness in the design of TRN and TST populations to increase predictive ability in the short-term without compromising long-term genetic gains.

Methods

DNA samples were sent to Affymetrix for genome scan using IStraw90 adn IStraw35 SNP arrays.

Usage Notes

There are missing values in the dataset represented as "NaN".