Data from: Spawning behaviour of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus): spawning synchrony, vibrational communication and mate guarding
Brattli, Magnus B., The Arctic University of Norway
Egeland, Torvald B., Nord University
Nordeide, Jarle T., Nord University
Folstad, Ivar, The Arctic University of Norway
Published Jun 06, 2019 on Dryad.
Cite this dataset
Brattli, Magnus B.; Egeland, Torvald B.; Nordeide, Jarle T.; Folstad, Ivar (2019). Data from: Spawning behaviour of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus): spawning synchrony, vibrational communication and mate guarding [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.b8br852
A mismatch between male and female gamete release in external fertilizers can result in reduced or failed fertilization, sperm competition and reduced paternity. Here, spawning behaviour of free-living Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) was video recorded, and their reproductive behaviour was analysed. From evaluating 157 spawning events we observed that females mainly spawned with a guarding male and the female and the guarding male synchronized timing of gamete releaseunder sperm competition. Although sneakers spawned with higher synchrony than the guarding male in single male spawning events, the average sneaker released his milt 0.6 seconds after the spawning female under sperm competition. Approximately 50% of the recorded spawning events occurred under sperm competition, where each event included an average of 2.7 males. Additionally, sneakers were more exposed to sperm competition than guarding males. An influx of males, in close proximity to the female, occurred during the behavioural sequences leading up to egg release, but this influx seemed not dependent on egg release, suggesting that something else than gonadal product attracts sneaker males to the spawning female. Just before and during the actual release of gametes the spawning couple vibrates their bodies in close contact and it seems likely that vibrational communication between the spawning couple reveals time of gamete release to surrounding sneaker males. This might explain the relative high level of synchrony in gamete release between the female and the males from both reproductive tactics under sperm competition. Thus, vibrational communication between the guarding male and the female comes with the cost of higher detectability from surrounding males and may represent a “double-edged sword” for the guarding male.
Gives the data used for courtship analyses and for measure the intensity of sperm competition.
Gives the data used to find the correlation between length of quivering period and (i) number of males releasing milt, (ii) number of males in proximity to the females or (iii) with the relative increase of males in the vibrational lifespan
Data used to measure the risk of sperm competition
Data used for compare the spawning synchrony of the guarding males and sneaker males in spawning events without sperm competition.
Data used for testing the synchrony in gamete release between males with different status.
Data used to measure the different in timing of gamete release between the guarding males and the 1st, 2nd and 3rd sneaker males.
Used for measureing the male density when the female spawns.