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Data from: Changes in soil pH and their dependence on the species of cereals and strategies for sustainable agriculture

Citation

Sobczak, Paweł; Żukiewicz-Sobczak, Wioletta (2020), Data from: Changes in soil pH and their dependence on the species of cereals and strategies for sustainable agriculture, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.bcc2fqz9v

Abstract

The acidity of the environment is one of the key elements determining proper conditions for crop cultivation. Inappropriate environmental conditions may contribute to numerous changes in plant raw materials. New strategies introduced in agriculture bring with them some uncertainties associated with the adaptation of plants to the soil. Currently, in the EU market, a gradual replacement of conventional strategies in favour of organic ones is observed. The change in fertilization strategy may lead to the emergence of new soil conditions in cultivation. Soil pH and humus content determine the phenomenon of soil fertility as well as soil physical, chemical, and biological properties. Rational and effective management of nutrients is related to the assessment of the content of available nutrients in the soil, as well as to the agronomic assessment of the soil class. This type of treatment is key in the planning of crops rotation. The study aimed to evaluate soil pH after combine harvesting, in wheat, rye, and barley crops cultivation according to two agricultural strategies, viz. ecological and conventional.  In the course of the study mature soil was sampled. The research was carried out on pH meter CP 411 combined with an EPS-1 pH electrode. The obtained soil pH results varied according to the type of cereal grown. Statistical analysis of variance with the significance level of 0.05 showed no significant difference regardless of the implemented agricultural strategy. It is recommended once every 4 years to perform laboratory examination of soil pH for fertilization advice.

Methods

The samples were collected directly on the field in 30 samples and pH was measured in the labolatory according to standards.