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In the right place, at the right time: the integration of bacteria into the Plankton Ecology Group model

Citation

Park, Hongjae et al. (2022), In the right place, at the right time: the integration of bacteria into the Plankton Ecology Group model , Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.bg79cnpdd

Abstract

Background

Planktonic microbial communities have critical impacts on the pelagic food web and water quality status in freshwater ecosystems, yet no general model of bacterial community assembly linked to higher trophic levels and hydrodynamics has been assessed. In this study, we utilized a two-year survey of planktonic communities from bacteria to zooplankton on three freshwater reservoirs to investigate their spatiotemporal dynamics.

Result

We observed the site-specific presence and microdiversification of bacteria in lacustrine and riverine environments, as well as in deep hypolimnia. Moreover, we determined recurrent bacterial seasonal patterns driven by both biotic and abiotic conditions, which could be integrated into the well-known Phytoplankton Ecology Group (PEG) model describing primarily the seasonalities of larger plankton groups. Importantly, bacteria with different ecological potentials showed finely coordinated successions affiliated with four seasonal phases, including the spring bloom dominated by fast-growing opportunists, the clear-water phase associated with oligotrophic ultramicrobacteria, the summer phase characterized by phytoplankton bloom-associated bacteria, and the fall/winter phase driven by decay-specialists.  

Conclusion

Our findings elucidate the principles driving the spatiotemporal microbial community distribution in freshwater ecosystems. We suggest an extension to the original PEG model by integrating recurrent bacterial seasonal trends.

Funding

Ministerstvo Školství, Mládeže a Tělovýchovy, Award: CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_025/0007417

Grantová Agentura České Republiky, Award: 19-00113S

Grantová Agentura České Republiky, Award: 19-23469S

Grantová Agentura České Republiky, Award: 20-12496X

Grantová Agentura České Republiky, Award: 22-33245S