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Data from: Genetic structure at three spatial scales is consistent with limited philopatry in Ricord’s Rock Iguanas (Cyclura ricordii)

Citation

Carreras-De León, Rosanna et al. (2020), Data from: Genetic structure at three spatial scales is consistent with limited philopatry in Ricord’s Rock Iguanas (Cyclura ricordii), Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.bj3t434

Abstract

Cyclura ricordii is an endemic iguana from Hispaniola Island and is threatened on the IUCN Red List. The main threats are predation by introduced mammals, habitat destruction, and hunting pressure. The present study focused on two nesting sites from Pedernales Province in the Dominican Republic. The hypothesis that natal philopatry influences dispersal and nest site selection was tested. Monitoring and sampling took place in 2012 and 2013. Polymorphic markers were used to evaluate whether natal philopatry limits dispersal at multiple spatial scales. Ripley’s K revealed that nests were significantly clustered at multiple scales, when both nesting sites were considered and within each nesting site. This suggests a patchy, non-random distribution of nests within nest sites. Hierarchical AMOVA revealed that nest site aggregations did not explain a significant portion of genetic variation within nesting sites. However, a small but positive correlation between geographic and genetic distance was detected using a Mantel’s test. Hence, the relationship between geographic distance and genetic distance among hatchlings within nest sites, while detectable, was not strong enough to have a marked effect on fine scale genetic structure. Spatial and genetic data combined determined that the nesting sites included nesting females from multiple locations, and the hypothesis of ‘natal philopatry’, was not supported because females nesting in the same cluster were no more closely related to each other than to other females from the same nesting site. These findings imply that nesting aggregations are more likely associated with cryptic habitat variables contributing to optimal nesting conditions.

Usage Notes

Location

Pedernales Province
Dominican Republic
Cabritos Island