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Data from: The ecology of the collapse of Rapa Nui society

Citation

Lima, Mauricio et al. (2020), Data from: The ecology of the collapse of Rapa Nui society, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.bk3j9kd7j

Abstract

Collapses of food producer societies are recurrent events in prehistory and have triggered a growing concern for identifying the underlying causes of convergences/divergences across cultures around the world. One of the most studied and used as a paradigmatic case is the population collapse of the Rapa Nui society. Here, we test different hypotheses about by developing explicit population dynamic models that integrate feedbacks between climatic, demographic and ecological factors that underpinned the socio-cultural trajectory of these people. We evaluate our model outputs against a reconstruction of past population size based on archaeological radiocarbon dates from the island. The resulting estimated demographic declines of the Rapa Nui people are linked to the long-term effects of climate change on the island’s carrying capacity, and in turn on the “per capita food supply”.

Methods

The human population size proxy is based on the SPD obtained from 244 archaeological radiocarbon dates. This proxy assumes that temporal variations in the accumulation of archeological 14C-dates on a given region reflect human energy consumption/production, which in turn is a function of regional demographic patterns.

 

 

 

Funding

FONDECYT , Award: proposal number 1180121-2018.

FONDECYT, Award: proposal number 1180121-2018.