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Data from: Effect of temperature on oviposition behavior and egg load of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae)

Citation

Hans, Krystal Rae; LeBouthillier, Rebecca; VanLaerhoven, Sherah L. (2018), Data from: Effect of temperature on oviposition behavior and egg load of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae), Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.bm4672c

Abstract

Making optimal oviposition decisions is especially important for female carrion colonizing insects whose larvae often depend on ephemeral resources. Oviposition can be influenced by a variety of factors, including temperature. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of temperature on the oviposition behavior and egg load of two blow fly species native to southern Ontario: Phormia regina Meigen and Lucilia sericata Meigen (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Using fetal pig carcasses as an oviposition substrate, we assessed the length of time until the first oviposition event, preferred oviposition sites, and the total number of eggs oviposited. For each of the two species, five different temperature treatments ranging from 15° to 35°C were used. Temperature influenced time to the first oviposition event, as well as the number of eggs deposited by L. sericata and P. regina. As temperature increased, oviposition occurred faster with more eggs deposited for these two species. Female P. regina, in particular, demonstrated a higher egg load with increasing temperature. Differences in optimal temperatures for reproduction, including egg load and oviposition, may be a mechanism driving seasonal temporal resource partitioning leading to species co-existence utilizing ephemeral resources.

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