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Financial, supplies, and human resource preparedness in management of COVID-19 pandemic among dental facilities in Nairobi County, Kenya

Cite this dataset

Chematia, Hazel; Karanja, Simon; Kiilu, Elizabeth (2024). Financial, supplies, and human resource preparedness in management of COVID-19 pandemic among dental facilities in Nairobi County, Kenya [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.brv15dvhj

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic put a strain on healthcare facilities across the globe. Dental facilities pose the highest COVID-19 transmission risk categories due to the aerosol-generating procedures involved in dental practice. This study aimed to determine financial, supplies, and human resource preparedness in managing the COVID-19 pandemic among Nairobi County, Kenya dental facilities. A cross-sectional study was conducted using a mixed-methods approach among 183 dental facilities in Nairobi County. Data was collected using a KoboCollect questionnaire and analyzed using MS Excel and SPSS version 26. Dental facilities' readiness was assessed using the ReadyScore Criteria. Qualitative data was collected through one-on-one interviews with key informants and analyzed thematically. Readyscore Criteria analysis showed that 39 (21.3%) of the evaluated dental facilities were considered "ready," while 133 (72.7%) and 11 (6%) were considered to have "work to do" and "not ready" for the pandemic. Bivariate analysis showed that the level of facility (p<0.001), presence of other departments (p<0.001), funds sufficiency for COVID-19 emergency response (p=0.001), and clients attended per month (p=0.017) were statistically significant factors associated with pandemic preparedness scores. Regression analysis revealed that the presence of other departments among the dental facilities was a significant predictor of readiness, with a 4.5 times higher likelihood of being ready for a pandemic (aOR 4.591; 1.471–14.327, p=0.009) compared to other facilities. Support from healthcare authorities and capacity-building initiatives are recommended to enhance preparedness and resilience among dental facilities in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic.

README: Financial, supplies, and human resource preparedness in management of COVID-19 pandemic among dental facilities in Nairobi County, Kenya

https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.brv15dvhj

The study adopted a cross-sectional study design. The target population of the study were heads of the 221 dental facilities across Nairobi County categorized as either public (13) or private and mission-based (208). This study was carried out among 183 dental facility heads in Nairobi County as well as 4 key informants. The study results were: that 39 (21.3%) of the evaluated dental facilities were considered "ready," while 133 (72.7%) and 11 (6%) were considered to have "work to do" and "not ready" for the pandemic. Most of the dental facilities evaluated sourced finances for dealing with the pandemic from patient service charges. Over half of the facilities indicated funds were not sufficient to address COVID-19. The study found significant gaps in the availability of PPE and supplies for COVID-19 disease prevention. The evaluated facilities have areas of improvement in staffing levels, flexible work and leave schedules, and training to improve effectiveness in COVID-19 management.

Description of the data and file structure

Variable Values    
Value   Label
Facility Type Code 1 Private
  2 Public
  3 Mission/ Faith-based
Facility level Classification 1 Level 2
  2 Level 3 & 4
OPERATIONPERIOD 1 Less than 2 years
  2 2 - 5 years
  3 5 - 10 years
  4 Over 10 years
PERIOD OF OPERATION Classification 1 10 years and less
  2 Over 10 years
Other Department 1 Yes
  2 No
Other Department Class 1 Yes
  2 No
CLIENTSMONTH 1 0 - 250 Patients
  2 251 - 500 Patients
  3 501 - 750 Patients
  4 Over 750 Patients
MONTHLY CLIENTS Classification 1 0 - 500 Clients
  2 501 - 1000 clients
STAFF CATEGORY 1 Upto to 10 staff members
  2 11 - 20 staff members
READYSCORERATING 1 Not ready
  2 Work to do
  3 Ready
Ready Score Classification 1 Ready
  2 Not Ready
Private Vs Other 1 Private
  2 Others
Public Vs Other 1 Public
  2 Others
Mission Vs Other 1 Mission/ Faith-based
  2 Others

Sharing/Access information

Data was collected using a Kobo-Collect questionnaire.

Code/Software

Data was analyzed using MS Excel and SPSS version 26.

Funding

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Award: CSA2020E3129, Epidemiology and Biostatistics