Data from: Macroevolutionary evidence suggests trait-dependent coevolution between behaviour and life-history
Eckerström-Liedholm, Simon et al. (2019), Data from: Macroevolutionary evidence suggests trait-dependent coevolution between behaviour and life-history, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.bv6mq2c
Species with fast life-histories typically prioritize current over future reproductive events, compared to species with slow life-histories. These species therefore require greater energetic input into reproduction, but also likely have less time to realize their reproductive potential. Hence, behaviours that increase access to both resources and mating opportunities, at a cost of increased mortality risk, are thought to coevolve with the pace of life-history. However, whether this prediction holds across species remains untested under standardized conditions. Here, we test how risky behaviours, which facilitate access to resources and mating opportunities (i.e. activity, boldness and aggression), along with metabolic rate, coevolve with the pace of life-history across 20 species of killifish, which present remarkable divergences in the pace of life-history. We found a positive association between the pace of life-history and aggression, but not with other behavioural traits or metabolic rate. Aggression is linked to interference competition, and in killifishes is often employed to secure mates, while activity and boldness are more relevant to exploit energetic resources. Our results suggest that the trade-off between current and future reproduction plays a more prominent role in shaping mating behaviour, while behaviours related to energy acquisition may be influenced by ecological factors.