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Specimen list and landmark coordinates for the palate of early salamanders

Citation

Jia, Jia; Li, Guangzhao; Gao, Ke-Qin (2022), Specimen list and landmark coordinates for the palate of early salamanders, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.c59zw3r8x

Abstract

Ecological preferences and life history strategies have enormous impacts on the evolution and phenotypic diversity of salamanders, but the yet established reliable ecological indicators hinder investigations on the paleobiology of early salamanders. Here we statistically demonstrate using geometric morphometric analysis that both the shape of the palate and many non-shape variables particularly associated with vomerine teeth are ecologically informative in early stem- and basal crown-group salamanders. The morphology of the palate is heavily impacted by convergence constrained by feeding mechanisms and also exhibits clear stepwise evolutionary patterns with alternative phenotypic designs to cope with similar functional demand. Paleoecological disparities in early salamanders had took place before the Middle Jurassic and have achieved all ecological preferences in the Early Cretaceous. Metamorphosis is significant in the expansion of ecomorphospace of the palate in early salamanders. The common ancestor of salamanders is metamorphosed and terrestrial, and share unified lifestyles with other modern amphibians.

Methods

Data S1 contains the details on the taxonomy, ecological preference, life history strategy of the salamander specimens investigated, and the parameters of CT scan

Data S2 contains the raw and procrusted coordinates of 24 2-D landmark points and centroid size of the palate for 70 specimens

Data S3 contains the raw and procrusted coordinates of 7 2-D landmark points and centroid size of the right vomer for 71 specimens

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 41702002

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 41872008

State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy (Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, CAS), Award: 193111