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Data from: Heterozigosity-fitness correlations in a continental island population of Thorn-tailed Rayadito

Citation

Botero-Delgadillo, Esteban; Quirici, Verónica; Vásquez, Rodrigo A.; Kempenaers, Bart (2021), Data from: Heterozigosity-fitness correlations in a continental island population of Thorn-tailed Rayadito, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.c866t1g5f

Abstract

Heterozygosity-fitness correlations (HFCs) have been used to monitor the effects of inbreeding in threatened populations. HFCs can also be useful to investigate the potential effects of inbreeding in isolated relict populations of long-term persistence, and to better understand the role of inbreeding and outbreeding as drivers of changes in genetic diversity. We studied a continental island population of thorn-tailed rayadito (Aphrastura spinicauda) inhabiting the relict forest of Fray Jorge National Park, north-central Chile. This population has experienced a long-term, gradual process of isolation since the end of the Tertiary. Using 10 years of field data in combination with molecular techniques, we tested for HFCs to assess the importance of inbreeding depression. If inbreeding depression is important, we predict a positive relationship between individual heterozygosity and fitness-related traits. We genotyped 183 individuals at 12 polymorphic microsatellite loci, and used seven measures of reproductive success and estimates of apparent survival to calculate HFCs. We found weak to moderate statistical support (P-values between 0.05 and 0.01) for a linear effect of female multi-locus heterozygosity (MLH) on clutch size, and non-linear effects on laying date and fledging success. While more heterozygous females laid smaller clutches, non-linear effects indicated that females with intermediate values of MLH started laying earlier and had higher fledging success. We found no evidence for effects of MLH on annual fecundity or on apparent survival. Our results along with the long-term demographic stability of the study population contradict the hypothesis that inbreeding depression occurs in this population.

Methods

Details will be provided in the published paper.

Usage Notes

Dataset: HFCs_Aspinicauda

Heterozigosity-fitness correlations in a continental island population of Thorn-tailed Rayadito
MS Reference Number: esaa056 (JOH-2020-108)

The whole dataset contains data for evaluating the relationship between individual heterozygosity and fitness traits in a population of Thorn-tailed rayadito (Aphrastura spinicauda) located in Fray Jorge National Park (PNFJ; 30º38’S, 71º40’W), north-central Chile.

The data set is divided into four spreadsheets. These datasets are described in detail in the ReadMe file.

Funding

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Universidad de Chile, Award: PAIFAC 2019

Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico, Award: 1100359

Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico, Award: 1140548

Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico, Award: 11130245

Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, Award: PFB-23-CONICYT-Chile

Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, Award: CONICYT-Chile 63130100

Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, Award: AFB-170008-CONICYT-Chile

Iniciativa Científica Milenio, Award: ICM-P05-002