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Data for: Risk in the circular food economy: Glyphosate-based herbicide residues in manure fertilizers decrease crop yield

Citation

Muola, Anne et al. (2020), Data for: Risk in the circular food economy: Glyphosate-based herbicide residues in manure fertilizers decrease crop yield, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.cjsxksn40

Abstract

Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) are the most frequently used herbicides globally. They were launched as a safe solution for weed control, but recently, an increasing number of studies have shown the existence of GBH residues and highlighted the associated risks they pose throughout ecosystems. Conventional agricultural practices often include the use of GBHs, and the use of glyphosate-resistant genetically modified crops is largely based on the application of glyphosate, which increases the likelihood of its residues ending up in animal feed. These residues persist throughout the digestive process of production animals and accumulate in their excretion products. The poultry industry, in particular, is rapidly growing, and excreted products are used as plant fertilizers in line with circular food economy practices. We studied the potential effects of unintentional glyphosate contamination on an agronomically important forage grass, meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis) and a horticulturally important strawberry (Fragaria x vescana) using glyphosate residues containing poultry manure as a plant fertilizer in a common garden experiment. Glyphosate in the manure decreased plant growth in both species and vegetative reproduction in F. x vescana. Furthermore, our results indicate that glyphosate residues in organic fertilizers might have indirect effects on sexual reproduction in F. pratensis and herbivory in F. x vescana because they positively correlate with plant size. Our results highlight that glyphosate can be unintentionally spread via organic fertilizer, counteracting its ability to promote plant growth.

Methods

Dataset on the effects of glyphosate residues in bedding used as fertilizer on the growth, reproduction and herbivory of Festuca pratensis and Fragaria x vescana

(1) Growth of F. pratensis was estimated as the biomass of the oven dried, aboveground parts of the plants at the end of the growing season.

(2) The number of F. pratensis inflorescences was counted as a measure of reproduction.

(3) Growth of the F. x vescana was estimated as plant size index calculated as the diameter × height of the rosette at the end of the growing season.

(4) F. x vescana (vegetative) reproduction was measured as runner biomass.

(5) As an estimate of herbivory, the presence of aphids was recorded both for F. pratensis and F. x vescana. In addition, the number of chewing insect-damaged F. x vescana leaves (as indications of hymenoptera, lepidoptera, and/or coleoptera damage) was calculated. 

Funding

Academy of Finland, Award: 326226

Academy of Finland, Award: 311077

Maj ja Tor Nesslingin Säätiö, Award: 201800048

Suomen Kulttuurirahasto