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Preliminary assessment of cavity-nesting Hymenopterans in a low-intensity agricultural landscape in Transylvania

Citation

Lajos, Károly et al. (2021), Preliminary assessment of cavity-nesting Hymenopterans in a low-intensity agricultural landscape in Transylvania, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.cjsxksn64

Abstract

In this study our aim was to assess several traits of cavity-nesting Hymenopteran taxa in a low-intensity agricultural landscape in Transylvania. The study took place between May and August 2018 at eight study sites in the hilly-mountainous central part of Romania, where the majority of the landscape is used for extensive farming or forestry. During the processing of the trap-nest material, we recorded several traits regarding the nests of different cavity-nesting Hymenopteran taxa and the spider prey found inside the nests of the spider-hunting representatives of these taxa. We also evaluated the relationship between the edge density and proportion of low-intensity agricultural areas surrounding the study sites and some of these traits.

The majority of nests were built by the solitary wasp genus Trypoxylon, followed by the solitary wasp taxa Dipogon and Eumeninae. Solitary bees were much less common, with Hylaeus being the most abundant genus. In the nests of Trypoxylon, we mostly found spider prey from the family of Araneidae, followed by specimens from the families of Linyphiidae and Theridiidae. In the nests of Dipogon, we predominantly encountered spider prey from the family of Thomisidae. We found significant effects of low-intensity agricultural areas for the genera of Auplopus, Megachile, Osmia and the Thomisid prey of Dipogon. We also found that the spider prey of Trypoxylon was significantly more diverse at study sites with higher proportions of low-intensity agricultural areas.

Our results indicate that solitary bees seem to be more abundant in areas, where the influence of human activities is stronger, while solitary wasps seem to rather avoid these areas. Therefore, we suggest that future studies not only should put more effort into sampling in low-intensity agricultural landscapes, but also focus more on solitary wasp taxa, when sampling such an area.

Methods

These datasets were used in the article 'Preliminary assessment of cavity-nesting Hymenopterans in a low-intensity agricultural landscape in Transylvania'. The methods used for data collection and processing are described in this article.

Funding

Universitatea Sapientia, Award: 5436/2020