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Dryad

Fitness data for control autotomized and regenerated crabs Hemigrapsus nudus

Cite this dataset

Prestholdt, Tara (2022). Fitness data for control autotomized and regenerated crabs Hemigrapsus nudus [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.cnp5hqc66

Abstract

The capacity of certain animals to regrow a lost appendage has been exploited as a powerful tool to study development. As a result, we now understand many of the proximate details of the regeneration process. Ironically, despite being one of the oldest studied developmental phenomena, regeneration is not often considered in the context of natural selection and evolution. Why do select species retain the capacity to shed and regrow body parts, whereas more derived lineages do not? We conducted a comprehensive study on the costs and benefits of autotomy and regeneration on Hemigrapsus nudus, the purple shore crab. In the realms of feeding and locomotion, regeneration restored fitness to what it otherwise would have been; autotomized animals showed decreases in feeding and locomotion, but regenerated animals performed no differently than intact crabs. However, for fecundity and male-male competition, regenerated animals had the lowest fitness compared to control and autotomized crabs. Our results raise the intriguing possibility that tradeoffs associated with reproduction may have led to the loss of regenerative abilities in derived lineages such as mammals and birds. Future work on the hundreds of species that regenerate lost body parts will reveal if and how this hypothesis can address the pervasive speculation plaguing the ultimate causes of regenerative losses.

Funding

M J Murdock Charitable Trust