Skip to main content

Umbilical artery lactate levels and associated maternal and newborn characteristics at Mulago National Referral Hospital: A cross-sectional observational study

Cite this dataset

Ogik, Victor (2021). Umbilical artery lactate levels and associated maternal and newborn characteristics at Mulago National Referral Hospital: A cross-sectional observational study [Dataset]. Dryad.


Objective: To determine the maternal and newborn characteristics associated with high umbilical artery lactate levels at Mulago National Referral Hospital.

Design: Cross-sectional observational study.

Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at a national referral hospital located in the capital of Uganda, Kampala.

Participants: We randomly selected 720 pregnant mothers at term who presented in labour and their newborn babies.

Primary outcome: Umbilical artery lactate level.

Results: During the study, there were 579 vaginal deliveries (18 instrumental) and 141 caesarean sections which met the inclusion criteria. One hundred eighty seven neonates (187) had high arterial lactate levels. The following factors were associated with an increased likelihood of high lactate concentration: male sex (aOR = 1.71; 95%CI 1.16–2.54; P<0.05), primigravidity (aOR = 2.78; 95%CI 1.89-4.08; P < 0.001), Meconium stained liquor (MSL) (aOR = 5.85; 95%CI 4.08-8.47; P<0.001) and, Administration of oxytocin (aOR = 1.97; 95%CI 1.00-3.77; P<0.05).

Conclusion: About a fifth of the babies born in Mulago national referral hospital during the study period had high umbilical artery lactate. The maternal-fetal factors significantly associated with high umbilical artery lactate levels included: baby’s sex, mother’s gravidity, meconium stained amniotic fluid, and oxytocin administration during labour.


The participants’ baseline characteristics such as age, gravidity, gestational age, and blood pressure were collected using a data form.

Following vaginal or caesarean delivery, a 20 cm segment of umbilical cord was doubly clamped and one sample of 2 ml of arterial blood drawn from between the clamps within 5 minutes of delivery.

The first study assistant immediately used 20-30 µL of sampled blood and measured its lactate concentration using a point-of-care lactate meter (Accutrend Plus system; Roche Diagnostics, Rotkreuz Switzerland). The precision range of the meter is 0.8-22 mmol/L at 15 – 35oC and the coefficient of variation is 1.8 to 3%.

The newborn characteristic such as mode of delivery, sex, birth weight, and exposure to meconium stained amniotic fluid were also documented. We documented the Apgar score at 1 and 5 minutes, if the neonate was resuscitated after birth, admitted to the nursery, and if they died. It was also documented if the mother received any medication during the intrapartum period such as oxytocin, antibiotics, anti-convulsants (magnesium sulfate), and prostaglandins for labour induction.

Usage notes

- The dataset file has an extension '.epx'

- The dataset was created using software EpiData Ver 4.4; EpiData Entry Client

- This software can be downloaded using the following link:

  1. Copy and paste the above link into your browser and open it. You will be prompted to 'save' the executable setup file
    1. Open the file and install the EpiData Ver 4.4 complete suite. Use the EpiData Entry client to view the dataset

- The EpiData Manager Ver 4.4 can be use to open and export the dataset to other formats such as STATA for analysis


Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of State’s office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator and Health Diplomacy, and PEPFAR, Award: 1R25TW011213