High pre-tension bolt is an effective strata control technique and is the key to ensure the stability of anchorage and roadway. Based on the performances of high energy storage tension rock bolts in different rock properties, this study proposed a constitutive model to describe the energy balance of anchor under uniaxial compression. UDEC was used to simulate the behaviour of anchor in coal under uniaxial compression and the results were analysed to study the rock mechanical properties, degree of damage and energy evolution. Simulation results showed that tension rock bolts can improve the mechanical properties and energy storage capacities of anchor. The energy evolution was divided into three stages: i) the external work was stored in the form of elastic strain energy (Ue) in the anchor prior to the yielding strength; ii) the elastic strain energy reached its maximum near the peak strength; iii) Energy was dissipated from fracture friction (Wf ), plastic deformation (Wp) and acoustic emission (Ur) during post-peak stage. The installation of tension rock bolts was more suitable for medium hard rock (e.g. sandy mudstone), whereas it was not effective for hard rock (e.g. sandstone).
Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Award: 2019BSCX05