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Noise distracts foraging bats

Citation

Allen, Louise et al. (2021), Noise distracts foraging bats, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.cz8w9gj27

Abstract

Predators frequently must detect and localize their prey in challenging environments. Noisy environments have been prevalent across the evolutionary history of predator-prey relationships, but now with increasing anthropogenic activities noise is becoming a more prominent feature of many landscapes. Here, we use the gleaning pallid bat, Antrozous pallidus, to investigate the mechanism by which noise disrupts hunting behavior. Noise can primarily function to mask – obscure by spectrally overlapping a cue of interest, or distract – occupy an animal’s attentional or other cognitive resources. Using band-limited white noise treatments that either overlapped the frequencies of a prey cue or did not overlap this cue, we find evidence that distraction is a primary driver of reduced hunting efficacy in an acoustically-mediated predator. Under exposure to both noise types successful prey localization declined by half, search time nearly tripled, and bats used 25% more sonar pulses than when hunting in ambient conditions. Overall, the pallid bat does not seem capable of compensating for environmental noise. These findings have implications for mitigation strategies, specifically the importance of reducing sources of noise on the landscape rather than attempting to reduce the bandwidth of anthropogenic noise.

Usage Notes

Included with the dataset is a ReadMe file "Allen_etal2021_DATASET_Readme.txt"

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: 1800687

National Science Foundation, Award: 1514766

National Science Foundation, Award: 1556177