Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Supplemental tables: Impact of renal impairment on intensive blood pressure-lowering therapy and outcomes in intracerebral hemorrhage: results from ATACH-2

Citation

Fukuda-Doi, Mayumi et al. (2021), Supplemental tables: Impact of renal impairment on intensive blood pressure-lowering therapy and outcomes in intracerebral hemorrhage: results from ATACH-2, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.d51c5b035

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The clinical impact of renal impairment on intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is unknown. This study sought to exploratory assess whether the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) affects clinical outcomes or modifies the efficacy of intensive systolic blood pressure (BP) control (target, 110–139 mmHg) against the standard (target, 140–179 mmHg) among patients with ICH.

Methods: We conducted post-hoc analyses of ATACH-2, a randomized, two-group, open-label trial. The baseline eGFR of each eligible patient was calculated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation. The outcome of interest was death or disability at 90 days. Multivariate logistic regression models were used for analysis.

Results: Among the 1000 patients randomized, 974 were analyzed. The median baseline eGFR was 88 (interquartile range: 68, 99) ml/min/1.73 m2; 451 (46.3%), 363 (37.3%) and 160 (16.4%) patients had baseline eGFR values of ≥90, 60–89, and <60 ml/min/1.73 m2, respectively. Compared with normal eGFR (≥90 ml/min/1.73 m2), higher odds of death or disability were noted among those with eGFR values of <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.25–3.26) but not among those with eGFR values of 60–89 ml/min/1.73 m2 (OR 1.01, 95% CI 0.70–1.46). The odds of death or disability were significantly higher in the intensive arm among patients with decreased eGFR; the ORs were 0.89 (95% CI 0.55–1.44), 1.13 (0.68–1.89), and 3.60 (1.47–8.80) in patients with eGFR values of ≥90, 60–89, and <60 ml/min/1.73 m2, respectively (p for interaction = 0.02).

Discussion: Decreased eGFR is associated with unfavorable outcomes following ICH. The statistically significant interaction between the eGFR group and treatment assignment raised safety concerns for the intensive BP-lowering therapy among patients with renal impairment.

Trial Registration Information: Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01176565), first submitted on August 6, 2010. The first patient enrolled on May 2011.

Classification of Evidence: This study provides Class II evidence that in spontaneous ICH, decreased eGFR identifies patients at risk of death or disability following intensive blood pressure control.