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Data from: Organic-walled microfossils from the Kistedalen Formation, Norway: acritarch chronostratigraphy of the Baltic Miaolingian and evolutionary trends of placoid acritarchs

Citation

Palacios, Teodoro (2022), Data from: Organic-walled microfossils from the Kistedalen Formation, Norway: acritarch chronostratigraphy of the Baltic Miaolingian and evolutionary trends of placoid acritarchs, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.d7wm37q33

Abstract

New acritarch data from the Kistedalen Formation based on two sections with continuous exposure allow to establish the most detailed Miaolingian acritarch biozonation in Baltica to date. Six interval zones previously established in Gondwana, the Eliasum llaniscum, Cristallinium cambriense, Adara alea, Timofeevia lancarae, Cristallinium dubium and Vulcanisphaera turbata zones, are identified, and their correlations within the Acado-Baltic Province examined. The diagnoses of Retisphaeridium, Cristallinium, Retisphaeridium dichamerum, Retisphaeridium lechistanium, Cristallinium dubium and Cristallinium cambriense are emended and the new species Retisphaeridium rugulatum sp. nov. and Retisphaeridium minimum sp. nov. are described. The diagnosis of Retisphaeridium ovillense (Cramer & Díez) Vanguestaine is emended and the species assigned to Dictyotidium ovillense comb. nov. The main evolutionary changes of the placoid acritarchs during the Miaolingian are analysed. Comparison with previous acritarch data from the Kistedalen Formation suggest that different extraction methodologies may result in significant bias in the recovered fossil record.

Methods

All field samples were collected by Teodoro Palacios and processed by Teodoro Palacios in the acid laboratory in Área de Palentologia, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain. Identical processing techniques were used for all samples, as outlined in the present manuscript and in Palacios et al. (2021).

Palacios, T., Jensen, S., Alvaro, J.J., Santos Zaldeugui, J.F., Eguiluz, L., Corfu, F. & Gil Ibarguchi, J.I. 2021. Acritarch-based chronostratigraphic and radiometric calibration of the Cambrian volcanosedimentary Vallehondo and Play´on formations in the Cambrian Ossa-Morena Rift, Spain. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeogeography 565, 110216 (32 pp).

Funding