Data from: RNA-directed epigenetic silencing of Periostin inhibits cell motility
Lister, Nicholas C.; Clemson, Matthew; Morris, Kevin V. (2015), Data from: RNA-directed epigenetic silencing of Periostin inhibits cell motility, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.dc3m7
The over-expression of Periostin, a member of the fasciclin family of proteins, has been reported in a number of cancers and, in particular, in metastatic tumours. These include breast, ovarian, lung, colon, head and neck, pancreatic, prostate, neuroblastoma and thyroid cancers. It is thought that Periostin plays a major role in the development of metastases owing to its apparent involvement in restructuring of the extracellular matrix to create a microenvironment favouring invasion and metastases, angiogenesis, independent proliferation, avoidance of apoptosis and the ability for cells to re-enter the cell cycle. As such we reasoned that targeted suppression of Periostin at the promoter and epigenetic level could result in the stable inhibition of cell motility. We find here that promoter-directed small antisense non-coding RNAs can induce transcriptional gene silencing of Periostin that results ultimately in a loss of cellular motility. The observations presented here suggest that cell motility and possibly metastasis can be controlled by transcriptional and epigenetic regulation of Periostin, offering a potentially new and novel manner to control the spread of cancerous cells.