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Data from: Rapid mobilization of abdominal fat in migrating eared grebes

Citation

Straker, Lorian Cobra; Jehl Jr., Joseph R.; Jehl, Joseph R. (2016), Data from: Rapid mobilization of abdominal fat in migrating eared grebes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.dd00m

Abstract

Eared grebes Podiceps nigricollis, like shorebirds and other long-distance migrants, lay down large amounts of fat to power their journeys. To investigate the pattern of how fat and soft tissue might be mobilized, we used grebes killed in migration and applied computed tomography to reconstruct how stores in the chest, thorax, and abdomen were reduced as body weight decreased. Fat and soft tissue were each mobilized at a constant rate through the entire migration. Fat stores in birds embarking on migration were greater in the abdomen than thorax than chest. In contrast to previous studies indicating that abdominal fat was mobilized first, we found that fat from all areas was mobilized concurrently, but that abdominal fat was catabolized at a greater rate. We suggest why this pattern might be advantageous, consider whether inter-depot differences in fat composition might be involved, and note possible energetic consequences. Whether our findings pertain to other obese or long distance migrants remains to be determined.

Usage Notes

Location

United States
Wyoming
Great Salt Lake
Utah