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Past connections with the mainland structure patterns of insular species richness in a continental-shelf archipelago (Aegean Sea, Greece): Species richness matrixes and shapefiles

Citation

Hammoud, Cyril (2021), Past connections with the mainland structure patterns of insular species richness in a continental-shelf archipelago (Aegean Sea, Greece): Species richness matrixes and shapefiles, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.dfn2z350z

Abstract

Recent research in island biogeography has highlighted the important role of late Quaternary sea-level fluctuations in shaping biogeographic patterns in insular systems but focused on oceanic systems. Through this study, we aim investigate how late Quaternary sea-level fluctuations shaped species richness patterns in continental shelf island systems. Focusing on the Aegean archipelago, we first compiled maps of the area’s geography using published data, under three sea-level stands: 1) current; 2) median sea-level over the last nine Glacial-Interglacial cycles (MSL); 3) Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). We gathered taxon-island occurrences for multiple chorotypes of angiosperms, butterflies, centipedes, and reptiles. We investigated the impact of present-day and past geographic settings on chorological groups by analysing Island Species-Area Relationships (ISARs) and using Generalized Linear Mixed Models (GLMMs) selection based on multiple metrics of goodness-of-fit. Our results confirm that the Aegean’s geography has changed dramatically since the LGM, whereas the MSL only modestly differs from the present configuration. Apart for centipedes, paleogeographic changes affected both native and endemic species diversity through altering connections between land-bridge islands and the mainland. On land-bridge islands, we detected over-representation of native species and under-representation of endemics. Unlike oceanic islands, sea-level driven increase of isolation and area contraction did not strongly shape patterns of species richness. Furthermore, the LGM configurations rather than the MSL configuration shaped patterns of endemic species richness. This suggests that even short episodes of increased connectivity with continental populations are sufficient to counteract the genetic differentiation of insular populations. On the other hand, the over-representation of native non-endemic species on land-bridge islands reflected MSL rather than LGM mainland connections. Our study shows that in terms of processes affecting species richness patterns, continental archipelagos differ fundamentally from oceanic systems because episodic connections with the mainland have profound effects on the biota of land-bridge islands.

Usage Notes

Species richness fils are stored as comma-seperated-value-data sheets (csv-files) using the dot (.) as decimal seperator.

Files containing GIS data (shx, .shp, .qpj, .rj, .dbf, .cpg) can be opened using GIS softwares such as QGIS or ArcGIS. 

Funding

Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, Award: 11C5219N