Data from: Phytoplankton growth and stoichiometric responses to warming, nutrient addition and grazing depend on lake productivity and cell size
Cite this dataset
Van de Waal, Dedmer; Schulhof, Marika A.; Shurin, Jonathan B.; Declerck, Steven A. J. (2020). Data from: Phytoplankton growth and stoichiometric responses to warming, nutrient addition and grazing depend on lake productivity and cell size [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.f1vhhmgtv
Global change involves shifts in multiple environmental factors that act in concert to shape ecological systems in ways that depend on local biotic and abiotic conditions. Little is known about the effects of combined global change stressors on phytoplankton communities, and particularly how these are mediated by distinct community properties such as productivity, grazing pressure and size distribution. Here, we tested for the effects of warming and eutrophication on phytoplankton net growth rate and C:N:P stoichiometry in two phytoplankton cell size fractions (<30 μm and >30 μm) in the presence and absence of grazing in microcosm experiments. Because effects may also depend on lake productivity, we used phytoplankton communities from three Dutch lakes spanning a trophic gradient. We measured the response of each community to multifactorial combinations of temperature, nutrient, and grazing treatments and found that nutrients elevated net growth rates and reduced carbon:nutrient ratios of all three phytoplankton communities. Warming effects on growth and stoichiometry depended on nutrient supply and lake productivity, with enhanced growth in the most productive community dominated by cyanobacteria, and strongest stoichiometric responses in the most oligotrophic community at ambient nutrient levels. Grazing effects were also most evident in the most oligotrophic community, with reduced net growth rates and phytoplankton C:P stoichiometry that suggests consumer‐driven nutrient recycling. Our experiments indicate that stoichiometric responses to warming and interactions with nutrient addition and grazing are not universal but depend on lake productivity and cell size distribution.
This multifactorial microcosm experiment tested for the effects of warming and eutrophication on phytoplankton net growth rate and C:N:P stoichiometry in two phytoplankton cell size fractions (<30 μm and >30 μm), in the presence and absence of grazing. We measured the response of phytoplankton communities (collected from 3 lakes spanning a trophic gradient), to multifactorial combinations of ambient and elevated temperature, nutrient, and grazing treatments, over a 6-day period.
Empty cells indicate missing values. Explanation of parameters is provided in the tab 'metadata'.
National Science Foundation
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Award: 040.15.034
Dutch Research Council