Data from: Early stage prion assembly involves two subpopulations with different quaternary structures and a secondary templating pathway
Igel-Egalon, Angelique et al. (2021), Data from: Early stage prion assembly involves two subpopulations with different quaternary structures and a secondary templating pathway, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.f28b4m6
The dynamics of aggregation and structural diversification of misfolded, host-encoded proteins in neurodegenerative diseases are poorly understood. In many of these disorders, including Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and prion diseases, the misfolded proteins are self-organized into conformationally distinct assemblies or strains. The existence of intrastrain structural heterogeneity is increasingly recognized. However, the underlying processes of emergence and coevolution of structurally distinct assemblies are not mechanistically supported. Here, we show that early prion replication generates two subsets of structurally different assemblies by two sequential processes of formation, regardless of the strain considered. The first process corresponds to a quaternary structural convergence, by reducing the parental strain polydispersity to generate small oligomers. The second process transforms these oligomers into larger ones, by a secondary autocatalytic templating pathway requiring the prion protein. This pathway provides first mechanistic insights into prion structural diversification, a key determinant for prion adaptation and toxicity.