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Data from: Contemporary evolution of plant reproductive strategies under global change is revealed by stored seeds

Citation

Thomann, Michel; Imbert, Eric; Engstrand, Rachel C.; Cheptou, Pierre-Olivier (2015), Data from: Contemporary evolution of plant reproductive strategies under global change is revealed by stored seeds, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.f452v

Abstract

Global change is expected to impose new selection pressures on natural populations. Phenotypic responses, such as earlier phenology in response to climate warming, have been repeatedly observed in the field. The recent pollinator decline is also expected to change selection on reproductive traits in flowering plants. However, it remains unclear whether short-term adaptation of plant reproductive strategies occurs in response to global change. In this study, we report the evolution of some important reproductive traits of the annual self-incompatible weed Centaurea cyanus. In a common garden experiment we germinated stored seeds, sampled 18 years apart from the same location, in a region where warmer springs and indices of pollinator decline have been reported. Compared to the ancestral population (1992), our results showed that plants of the descendant population (2010) flowered earlier and also produced larger capitula with longer receptivity and a larger floral display. QST -FST comparisons indicated that natural selection has likely contributed to the evolution of some of the traits investigated. Lower FST within temporal samples than among spatial samples further suggests a limited role of gene flow from neighboring populations. We therefore propose that trait shifts could partly be due to adaptation to global change.

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