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Dryad

Data for: Chronic corticosterone deteriorates latrine and nesting behaviours in mice

Cite this dataset

Nomoto, Kensaku; Kansaku, Kenji (2023). Data for: Chronic corticosterone deteriorates latrine and nesting behaviours in mice [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.ffbg79cxp

Abstract

Self-care behaviours are actions that help maintain good health and surroundings. For example, appropriate toileting, sleeping in the bed, and bathing and washing are among self-care behaviours in humans. Animals also perform similar self-care behaviours such as latrine, nesting, and self-grooming. Studies have shown that chronic stress disrupts nesting and self-grooming behaviours. However, the effect of chronic stress on latrine behaviour, preferential, repeated defecation at specific locations, has not yet been clarified. This study aimed to investigate the influence of chronic corticosterone administration on latrine and nesting behaviours in mice. The variation in defecation location was quantified as the degree of the latrine behaviour by using Shannon entropy. The nest quality was scored based on shape. The study showed that mice exposed to chronic corticosterone had scattered defecation sites and lower nest quality compared to the control group. Furthermore, results showed that more scattered defecation behaviour was associated with lower nest quality at an individual level. Additionally, the deterioration of these self-care behaviours was associated with depression-like behaviours such as less open field activity and increased immobility time during the tail suspension test. These results suggest that chronic corticosterone deteriorates self-care behaviours such as latrine and nesting in mice. This dataset includes physiological and behavioural data of mice used in the present study.

Funding

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 19H04919

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 21K07485

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 19H01126