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Integrating univariate niche dynamics in species distribution models: a step forward for marine research on biological invasions

Citation

Azzurro, Ernesto; D'Amen, Manuela (2020), Integrating univariate niche dynamics in species distribution models: a step forward for marine research on biological invasions, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.fj6q573q3

Abstract

Aim The development of approaches to predict the distribution and potential expansion of invasive species is still an open challenge. Here our goal is to improve the modelling procedure for marine invaders by coupling Species Distribution Models (SDMs) with an analysis of their univariate niche dynamics. In particular, we tested for the first time whether choosing model predictors among the stable niche dimensions was effective in improving predictions of invasive species expansion.
Location Mediterranean Sea
Taxon Dusky spinefoot, Siganus luridus.
Methods We analysed the univariate niche dynamics for S. luridus across its native and invaded ranges, by applying a standardized framework that allowed the identification of cases of niche stability or shift. We compared inter-range transferability of SDMs fitted with different combinations of labile or stable predictors. Finally, we evaluated interactions in SDM settings (calibration area, model technique and predictors set) on models’ predictive ability, using independent data from the most recent phase of invasion.
Results We detected a pattern of niche stability for several variables, especially salinity and bathymetry, which positively influenced model inter-ranges transferability: when the models calibrated in the native range include only stable niche axes, predictive ability is improved. We also identified a shift toward lower surface temperatures in the introduced range, which were almost never experienced by the species before invasion. The model calibrated within the combined ranges was the most ecologically congruent. Also, models calibrated in the invaded range allowed a correct prediction of range expansion, with the predicted suitable areas only slightly underestimated.
Main conclusions We provide the first evidence that using conserved predictors in SDMs improves inter-range projections of expanding invasive species. Variable selection, calibration area and modelling technique all matter when modelling invasive species, with important interaction effects. We provide guidelines on how to improve SDMs applications in biological invasion research.

Usage Notes

This dataset compiles georeferenced occurrence records of the dusky spinefoot Siganus luridus (Rüppell, 1829) (Pisces Actinopterygii, Siganidae) in its invasive (Mediterranean) and native range. Observations downloaded from the databases OBIS and  GBIF were reported with their ID number. All the other records were derived from published literature or from other scientific sources, previously validaded by the autors.  The dataset is divided in two groups, the 'train-set' and the 'test-set', according to the methods explained in the associated paper.