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Kinematic gait parameters of terrestrial and arboreal locomotion in Japanese macaques

Cite this dataset

Higurashi, Yasuo; Kumakura, Hiroo (2021). Kinematic gait parameters of terrestrial and arboreal locomotion in Japanese macaques [Dataset]. Dryad.


This study used three-dimensional videography to quantify kinematic parameters thought to be associated with locomotor stability while two Japanese macaques walked on terrestrial and simulated arboreal substrates (a horizontal pole, which was narrow relative to the animal's body width). The parameters investigated included temporal-spatial gait variables, those associated with compliant walking, the height of the shoulder and hip, and hand and foot clearance during the swing phase. We found that there were many individual differences in kinematic adjustments made by the monkeys during arboreal locomotion. More importantly, the results were consistent between the monkeys for three parameters: maximum hand clearance, maximum hip height, and maximum foot clearance. The monkeys showed lower maximum hand and foot clearances during arboreal locomotion than during terrestrial locomotion, indicating that the hands and feet were kept close to the substrate surface during the swing phase. They also showed lower maximum hip heights during arboreal locomotion, suggesting that their whole-body centers of mass were lowered. These consistent kinematic adjustments can be interpreted as strategies for enhancing stability and reducing the risk of falling from a height.

Usage notes

This dataset contains raw kinematic gait data (.xlsx file) described in the article: "Higurashi, Y. and Kumakura, H. (2021) Kinematic adjustments to arboreal locomotion in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). Primates. doi:10.1007/s10329-021-00937-3". 


Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: JP09J00915