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Treatment with 3-aminobenzamide during ex vivo lung perfusion of damaged rat lungs reduces graft injury and dysfunction after transplantation

Citation

Parapanov, Roumen et al. (2022), Treatment with 3-aminobenzamide during ex vivo lung perfusion of damaged rat lungs reduces graft injury and dysfunction after transplantation, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.fj6q573wf

Abstract

Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) with pharmacological reconditioning may increase donor lung utilization for transplantation (LTx). 3-Aminobenzamide (3-AB), an inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), reduces ex vivo lung injury in rat lungs damaged by warm ischemia (WI). Here we determined the effects of 3-AB reconditioning on graft outcome after LTx. Three groups of donor lungs were studied: Control (Ctrl): 1 hour WI + 3 hours cold ischemia (CI) + LTx; EVLP: 1 hour WI + 3 hours EVLP + LTx; EVLP + 3-AB: 1 hour WI + 3 hours EVLP + 3-AB (1 mg.mL−1) + LTx. Two hours after LTx, we determined lung graft compliance, edema, histology, neutrophil counts in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), mRNA levels of adhesion molecules within the graft, as well as concentrations of interleukin-6 and 10 (IL-6, IL-10) in BAL and plasma. 3-AB reconditioning during EVLP improved compliance and reduced lung edema, neutrophil infiltration, and the expression of adhesion molecules within the transplanted lungs. 3-AB also attenuated the IL-6/IL-10 ratio in BAL and plasma, supporting an improved balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators. Thus, 3-AB reconditioning during EVLP of rat lung grafts damaged by WI markedly reduces inflammation, edema, and physiological deterioration after LTx, supporting the use of PARP inhibitors for the rehabilitation of damaged lungs during EVLP.

Funding

Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung, Award: 310030 172975

Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung, Award: 310030 162629