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Data from: Live fast, die old: oxidative stress as a potential mediator of an unexpected life-history evolution

Citation

Tüzün, Nedim; De Block, Marjan; Stoks, Robby (2020), Data from: Live fast, die old: oxidative stress as a potential mediator of an unexpected life-history evolution, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.fn2z34tr7

Abstract

Intraspecific latitudinal patterns in life history are well documented, yet underlying mechanisms of such patterns are poorly understood. To advance our insights in the evolution of latitudinal differences in two key traits, growth rate and lifespan, we evaluated the potential costs of rapid growth in terms of reduced adult lifespan, and the mediatory role of oxidative stress. We studied latitudinal differentiation in routine and experimentally increased (compensatory) larval growth rates, and in adult lifespan under common garden conditions in low- and high-latitude populations of the damselfly Ischnura elegans. The low-latitude populations showed not only higher routine growth rates but also a stronger compensatory growth response after a transient food shortage compared to the high-latitude populations. In contrast with a trade-off scenario, adults of the faster growing low-latitude populations lived longer, had higher levels of antioxidant enzymes, and tended to experience lower oxidative damage. Importantly, these latitudinal patterns were largely mirrored at the treatment level, where experimentally induced compensatory growth rates were associated with neither oxidative damage nor shorter adult lifespans. Moreover, individuals with a higher growth rate after the transient food shortage did not have shorter adult lifespans or higher oxidative damage, but instead showed a stronger antioxidant defense. Our data indicate that an overcompensatory, hormetic response in antioxidant defense, potentially induced by the higher routine growth rates, resulting in less oxidative damage may underlie these unexpected growth-lifespan patterns. Our results highlight the added value of incorporating oxidative stress physiology, and the need to consider multivariate trade-offs in which animals optimize multiple traits, when studying life-history evolution.

Usage Notes

Food treatment; F=fed, S=starved

Age1/mass1: age/mass at the start of the starvation period (day 2)

Age2/mass2: age/mass at the end of the starvation period (day 9)

Age3/mass3: age/mass at the end of the post-starvation period

Age4/mass4: age/mass one day after emergence

gr1: pre-starvation growth rate

gr2: growth rate during starvation

gr3: post-starvation growth rate

 

Funding

Onderzoeksraad, KU Leuven, Award: C16/17/002

Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, Award: G.0524.17N

Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, Award: G.0956.19N