Data from: Untangling the evolutionary history of a highly polymorphic species: introgressive hybridization and high genetic structure in the desert cichlid fish Herichthys minckleyi
Magalhaes, Isabel S., Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales
Ornelas-García, Claudia Patricia, National Autonomous University of Mexico
Leal-Cardin, Mariana, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales
Ramírez, Tania, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales
Barluenga, Marta, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales
Published Jul 13, 2015 on Dryad.
Cite this dataset
Magalhaes, Isabel S. et al. (2015). Data from: Untangling the evolutionary history of a highly polymorphic species: introgressive hybridization and high genetic structure in the desert cichlid fish Herichthys minckleyi [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.fn7gv
Understanding the origin of biodiversity requires knowledge on the evolutionary processes that drive divergence and speciation, as well as on the processes constraining it. Intraspecific polymorphisms can provide insight into the mechanisms that generate and maintain phenotypic, behavioural and life history diversification, and can help us understand not only the processes that lead to speciation but also the processes that prevent local fixation of morphs. The ‘desert cichlid’ Herichtys minckleyi is a highly polymorphic species endemic to a biodiversity hotspot in northern Mexico, the Cuatro Ciénegas valley. This species is polymorphic in body shape and trophic apparatus, and eco-morphotypes coexist in small spring-fed lagoons across the valley. We investigated the genetic structure of these polymorphisms and their phylogeographic history by analysing the entire control region of the mitochondrial DNA and 10 nuclear microsatellite markers in several populations from different sites and morphs. We found two very divergent mitochondrial lineages that most likely predate the closing of the valley and are not associated with morphotypes or sites. One of these lineages is also found in the sister species Herichthys cyanoguttatus. Data from neutral microsatellite markers suggest that most lagoons or drainages constitute their own genetic cluster with sympatric eco-morphotypes forming panmictic populations. Alternative mechanisms such as phenotypic plasticity and a few loci controlled traits provide possible explanations for the sympatric coexistence of discrete nonoverlapping eco-morphotypes with apparent lack of barriers to gene flow within multiple lagoons and drainages.
Morphology, microsatellite markers and stomach contents
Columns from left to right: individual code, location where individual was collected, year of collection, haplotype group individual belongs to, PCs1, 2, 3 and 4 of body shape, PCs 1 and 2 for LPJ shape, microsatellite data, stomach content data. Absence of data marked as N/A
Aligned sequences of mtDNA control region for individuals of H. minckleyi and H. Cyanoguttatus included in this study