Data from: Rapid assessment of conformational preferences in biaryl and aryl carbonyl fragments
Gutierrez Sanfeliciano, Sonia Maria; Schaus, John M. (2019), Data from: Rapid assessment of conformational preferences in biaryl and aryl carbonyl fragments, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.fs6hq7b
The ability to rapidly assess the preferred conformation of key fragments in a structure "by visual inspection" is a very useful starting point in the process of drug design. With the ability to do so, one could address questions like: "How could we avoid planarity in a molecule?", "Will a molecule change its conformational preference if we make it more or less basic?" or "How does this electronic repulsion affect the conformational preference in the system?" in timely fashion. In this paper, we describe how the conformational energy profile (CEP, plot of energy as a function of dihedral bond angle) of a fragment can be interpreted through the understanding the interplay between resonance stabilization, steric effects and electrostatic interactions. Fifty-nine biaryl and aryl carbonyl fragments present in oral drugs or which are close derivatives thereof were selected. Calculation of their CEPs using ab initio methodology allowed us to conclude the relative importance of these factors in the conformational preference of these fragments as follows: steric repulsion > lone pair - lone pair repulsion > lone pair - fluorine repulsion > resonance stabilization and, to formulate "rules of thumb" that the practicing medicinal/organic chemist can apply when analysing molecules that contain these fragments.