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Nested whole-genome duplications coincide with diversification and high morphological disparity in Brassicaceae

Citation

Koch, Marcus et al. (2020), Nested whole-genome duplications coincide with diversification and high morphological disparity in Brassicaceae, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.fttdz08pt

Abstract

Angiosperms have become the dominant terrestrial plant group by diversifying for ~145 million years into a broad range of environments. During the course of evolution, numerous morphological innovations arose, often preceded by whole genome duplications (WGD). The mustard family (Brassicaceae), a successful angiosperm clade with ~4000 species, has been diversifying into many evolutionary lineages for more than 30 million years. Here we develop a species inventory, analyze morphological variation, and present a maternal, plastome-based genus-level phylogeny. We show that increased morphological disparity, despite an apparent absence of clade-specific morphological innovations, is found in tribes with WGDs or diversification rate shifts. Both are important processes in Brassicaceae, resulting in an overall high net diversification rate. Character states show frequent and independent gain and loss, and form varying combinations. Therefore, Brassicaceae pave the way to concepts of phylogenetic genome-wide association studies to analyze the evolution of morphological form and function.

Methods

The dataset comprises a detailed SupplementaryDataset1 providing all accession details and corresponding data sources. A Dataset2 provides a Brassicaceae species checklist. Datasets 3 and 4 provide the morphological datamatrices on genus and tribal level, respectively. Dataset 5 provided the plastome alignment including data partioning. Dataset 6 provides the nrDNA operon alignment. Dataset 7 provides the results of the BEAST analaysis of plsatome data in *.tre file format.

Funding

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Award: KO2302-13; KO2302-23