Past and future decline of tropical pelagic biodiversity
Yasuhara, Moriaki et al. (2020), Past and future decline of tropical pelagic biodiversity, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.g1jwstqnn
A major research question concerning global pelagic biodiversity remains unanswered: when did the apparent tropical biodiversity depression (i.e., bimodality of latitudinal diversity gradient [LDG]) begin? The bimodal LDG may be a consequence of recent ocean warming or of deep-time evolutionary speciation and extinction processes. Using rich time-slice datasets of planktonic foraminifers, we show here that a unimodal (or only weakly bimodal) diversity gradient, with a plateau in the tropics, occurred during the last ice age and has since then developed into a bimodal gradient through species distribution shifts driven by postglacial ocean warming. The bimodal LDG likely emerged before the Anthropocene (here defined as ∼1950) and perhaps ∼15,000 y ago, indicating a strong environmental control of tropical diversity even before the start of anthropogenic warming. However, our model projections suggest future anthropogenic warming further diminishes tropical pelagic diversity to a level not seen in millions of years.
Raw data for Figs 1–4.
Research Grants Council, University Grants Committee, Award: HKU 17302518
Ministry of Science Technology Taiwan, Award: MOST 108-2611-M-002-001
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Award: KI 806/16-1,FOR 2332
Seed Funding Programme for Basic Research of the University of Hong Kong, Award: 2.01611E+11
Program for Advancing Strategic International Networks to Accelerate the Circulation of Talented Researchers, the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: NA
Jarislowsky Foundation, Award: NA