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Effect of space diffuser on flow characteristics of a centrifugal pump by computational fluid dynamic analysis

Citation

Liu, Yingyuan (2020), Effect of space diffuser on flow characteristics of a centrifugal pump by computational fluid dynamic analysis, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.g79cnp5kv

Abstract

Achieving an optimal configuration of the diffuser is indispensable for high pump performances. In this work, a numerical study on diffuser configuration is conducted for a high pump performance using a computational fluid dynamics code, and the effects of the wrap angle and the relative position of the diffuser vane to the impeller on pump performances are included. The results indicate that the modified diffuser with a suitable wrap angle may improve the pump hydraulic efficiency and the head by approximately 4% and 8%, respectively, while a suitable position of the diffuser vane can enhance the pump head by more than 4%. Meanwhile, the pressure recovery coefficient and the local Euler head of the diffuser are adopted to evaluate the diffuser performance. For a high pump performance, the local Euler head of the diffuser has a peak value at the leading edge with the change rate of zero along the meridian streamline, meaning that no blade loading at the leading edge of the diffuser guarantees a better match between the impeller and the diffuser.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 51806145