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Dryad

Data from: Predation risk affects growth and reproduction of an invasive snail and its lethal effect depends on prey size

Citation

Guo, Jing; Martín, Pablo R.; Zhang, Chunxia; Zhang, Jia-en (2018), Data from: Predation risk affects growth and reproduction of an invasive snail and its lethal effect depends on prey size, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.gh761

Abstract

The behavior of invasive species under predation risk has been studied extensively, but their growth and reproductive responses have rarely been investigated. We conducted experiments with juveniles and adults of the invasive freshwater snail Pomacea canaliculata, and we observed changes in growth and reproduction in response to predation risk from a caged predator (Trachemys scripta elegans). P. canaliculata produced eggs earlier in the presence of predators and injured conspecifics compared with the control group (no risk), although the total number of egg masses laid by per female was exceeded by that of the controls after 15 days. Egg hatching success noticeably decreased under predation risk, and the incubation period was significantly prolonged; however, the oviposition height of the snails was not affected. A lethal effect of predation risk was detected in juvenile snails but not in adults. The growth of juvenile P. canaliculata was inhibited under predation risk, probably due to a reduction in food intake. Adult females exhibited a greater reduction in growth under predation risk than males, which likely resulted in part from the high reproductive investment of females in egg laying. These results indicate that P. canaliculata snails under predation risk face a trade-off between predator avoidance and growth and reproduction, where the lethal effect of predation risk is linked to the size of the prey.

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Location

113.37E
China
China. 23.17N
Guangzhou
23.17N