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Data for: Concordant phylogeographic responses to large-scale coastal disturbance in intertidal macroalgae and their epibiota

Citation

Parvizi, Elahe et al. (2021), Data for: Concordant phylogeographic responses to large-scale coastal disturbance in intertidal macroalgae and their epibiota, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.gmsbcc2pd

Abstract

Major ecological disturbance events can provide opportunities to assess multispecies responses to upheaval. In particular, catastrophic disturbances that regionally extirpate habitat-forming species can potentially influence the genetic diversity of large numbers of co-distributed taxa. However, due to the rarity of such disturbance events over ecological timeframes, the genetic dynamics of multispecies recolonization processes have remained little understood. Here we use single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data from multiple coastal species to track the dynamics of co-colonization events in response to ancient earthquake disturbance in southern New Zealand. Specifically, we use a comparative phylogeographic approach to understand the extent to which epifauna (with varying ecological associations with their macroalgal hosts) share comparable spatial and temporal recolonization patterns. Our study reveals concordant disturbance-related phylogeographic breaks in two intertidal macroalgal species along with two associated epibiotic species (a chiton and an isopod). By contrast, two co-distributed species, one of which is an epibiotic amphipod and the other a subtidal macroalga, show few if any genetic effects of palaeoseismic coastal uplift. Phylogeographic model selection reveals similar post-uplift recolonization routes for the epibiotic chiton and isopod and their macroalgal hosts. Additionally, co-demographic analyses support synchronous population expansions of these four phylogeographically similar taxa. Our findings indicate that coastal paleoseismic activity has driven concordant impacts on multiple codistributed species, with concerted recolonization events likely facilitated by macroalgal rafting. These results highlight that high-resolution comparative genomic data can help reconstruct concerted multispecies responses to recent ecological disturbance.

Methods

SNP data were obtained using genotyping by sequencing. 

Usage Notes

Input files used for delimitR analysis: antarctica_MSFS.obs, Limnoria_MSFS.obs, Onithochiton_MSFS.obs, poha_MSFS.obs

Input files used for MultiDice analysis: antarctica_MAFpop0.obs, Chiton_MAFpop0.obs, Limnoria_MAFpop0.obs, poha_MAFpop0.obs

Input files used for topology tests for Durvillaea antarctica and Onithochiton neglectus: Durvillaea_3pop_topologytest_MSFS.obs, Onithochiton_3pop_topologytest_MSFS.obs

VCFs and population maps for the three epibiotic species: Limnoria_depth_maxmis39.vcf & Limnoria_populationMap.txt, Onithochiton_depth_maxmiss39.vcf & Onithochiton_populationMap.txt, Parawaldeckia_depth_maxmiss39.vcf & Parawaldeckia_populationMap.txt

Funding

Marsden Fund, Award: UOO1818