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Data from: Extensive sympatry and frequent hybridization of ecologically divergent aquatic plants on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau

Citation

Wu, Zhigang et al. (2022), Data from: Extensive sympatry and frequent hybridization of ecologically divergent aquatic plants on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.gxd2547md

Abstract

Hybridization has fascinated biologists in recent centuries for its evolutionary importance, especially in plants. Hybrid zones are commonly located in regions across environmental gradients due to more opportunities to contact and ecological heterogeneity. For aquatic taxa, intrazonal character makes broad overlapping regions in intermediate environments between related species. However, we have limited information on the hybridization pattern of aquatic taxa in alpines, especially submerged macrophytes. In this study, we aimed to test the hypotheses that niche overlap and hybridization might be extensive in related aquatic plants across an altitudinal gradient. We evaluated the niche overlap in three related species pairs on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and assessed the spatial pattern of hybrid populations. Obvious niche overlap and common hybridization were revealed in all three pairs of related aquatic plants. The plateau edge and river basins were broad areas for the sympatry of divergent taxa, where a large proportion of hybrid populations occurred. Hybrids are also discretely distributed in diverse habitats on the plateau. Differences in the extent of niche overlap, genetic incompatibility and phylogeographic history might lead to variations in hybridization patterns among the three species pairs. Our results suggested that plateau areas are a hotspot for ecologically divergent aquatic species to contact and mate and implied that hybridization may be important for the freshwater biodiversity of highlands.

Methods

A total of 15 indeterminate populations for related Stuckenia and Ranunculus (Stuckenia: 91 individuals of 8 populations; Ranunculus: 112 individuals of 7 populations), 21 pure Stuckenia populations (75 individuals of S. pectinata and 131 individuals of S. filiformis) and 20 pure Ranunculus populations (110 individuals of R. trichophyllus and 215 individuals of R. subrigidus) were involved. All samples were collected on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, and preserved in silica gel before total genomic DNA extractration. Microsatellite markers (7 loci for Stuckenia, 17 loci for Ranunculus) were used for genotyping. 

 

Funding

the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Award: XDB31000000

The National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31700190