Data from: Drivers of phylogenetic assemblage structure of the Furnariides, a widespread clade of lowland Neotropical birds
Ledezma, Jesús N. Pinto et al. (2018), Data from: Drivers of phylogenetic assemblage structure of the Furnariides, a widespread clade of lowland Neotropical birds, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.h3390h5
Species co-occurrence in local assemblages is shaped by different processes at different spatial and temporal scales. Here we focus on historical explanations and examine the phylogenetic structure of local assemblages of the Furnariides clade (Aves: Passeriformes), assessing the influence of diversification rates on the assembly and species co-occurrence within those assemblages. Using 120 local assemblages across Bolivia and Argentina and a nearly complete phylogeny for the clade, we analyzed assemblage phylogenetic structure applying a recently developed model (DAMOCLES) accounting for the historical processes of speciation, colonization and local extinction. We also evaluated how diversification rates determine species co-occurrence. We found that the assembly of Furnariides assemblages can largely be explained by speciation, colonization and local extinction without invoking current local species interactions. Phylogenetic structure of open habitat assemblages mainly showed clustering, characterized by faster rates of colonization and local extinction than in forest habitats, whereas forest habitat assemblages were congruent with the model’s equal rates expectation, thus highlighting the influence of habitat preferences on assembly and co-occurrence patterns. Our results suggest that historical processes are sufficient to explain local assemblage phylogenetic structure, while there is little evidence for species ecological interactions in avian assemblage diversity and composition.