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Data from: Increased susceptibility to fungal disease accompanies adaptation to drought in Brassica rapa

Citation

O'Hara, Niamh B.; Rest, Joshua S.; Franks, Steven J. (2015), Data from: Increased susceptibility to fungal disease accompanies adaptation to drought in Brassica rapa, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.h3p05

Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated adaptive evolutionary responses to climate change, but little is known about how these responses may influence ecological interactions with other organisms, including natural enemies. We used a resurrection experiment in the greenhouse to examine the effect of evolutionary responses to drought on the susceptibility of Brassica rapa plants to a fungal pathogen, Alternaria brassicae. In agreement with previous studies in this population, we found an evolutionary shift to earlier flowering post-drought, which was previously shown to be adaptive. Here we report the novel finding that post-drought descendant plants were also more susceptible to disease, indicating a rapid evolutionary shift to increased susceptibility. This was accompanied by an evolutionary shift to increased specific leaf area (thinner leaves) following drought. We found that flowering time and disease susceptibility displayed plastic responses to experimental drought treatments, but that this plasticity did not match the direction of evolution, indicating that plastic and evolutionary responses to changes in climate can be opposed. The observed evolutionary shift to increased disease susceptibility accompanying adaptation to drought provides evidence that even if populations can rapidly adapt in response to climate change, evolution in other traits may have ecological effects that could make species more vulnerable.

Usage Notes

Location

California
Irvine