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Intra-population genetic variation in the level and rhythm of daily activity in Drosophila immigrans

Citation

Ueno, Takahisa; Takahashi, Yuma (2021), Intra-population genetic variation in the level and rhythm of daily activity in Drosophila immigrans, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.h9w0vt4g1

Abstract

Genetic diversity within a population, such as polymorphisms and personality, is considered to improve population performance because such intraspecific variations have the potential to alleviate the competition for a limited resource or the risk of predation and sexual harassment at a population-level. Variation in the level and rhythm of daily activity in a population could also affect population performance by directly altering ecological, social, and sexual interactions among individuals. However, it remains to be elucidated whether such intra-population variation in the level and rhythms of daily activity exists in a natural population. Here, we investigated the genetic variation in daily activity within a single natural population of Drosophila immigrans. We established 21 isofemale lines from a single natural population, and measured larval activity level and the level and daily pattern of adult activity over a 24 h period. Larval activity level significantly varied among isofemale lines. Likewise, the activity level in the adult stage significantly varied among lines. The significant variation was also found in the daily pattern of adult activity; some lines showed greater activity level in the daytime, and others showed greater activity level in the night. Our results consistently suggest that there is a genetic variation in behavioral activity in a natural population, probably contributing to shaping the population performance.