Contrasting early successional dynamics of bacterial and fungal communities in recently deglaciated soils of the maritime Antarctic
Gyeong, Hyeryeon; Kim, Mincheol (2021), Contrasting early successional dynamics of bacterial and fungal communities in recently deglaciated soils of the maritime Antarctic, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.hdr7sqvh8
Although microorganisms are the very first colonizers of recently deglaciated soils even prior to plant colonization, the drivers and patterns of microbial community succession at early-successional stages remain poorly understood. The successional dynamics and assembly processes of bacterial and fungal communities were compared on a glacier foreland in the maritime Antarctic across the ~10-year soil-age gradient from bare soil to sparsely vegetated area. Bacterial communities shifted more rapidly than fungal communities in response to glacial retreat; species turnover (primarily the transition from glacier- to soil-favoring taxa) contributed greatly to bacterial beta diversity, but this pattern was less clear in fungi. Bacterial communities underwent more predictable (more deterministic) changes along the soil-age gradient, with compositional changes paralleling the direction of changes in soil physicochemical properties following deglaciation. In contrast, the compositional shift in fungal communities was less associated with changes in deglaciation-induced changes in soil geochemistry and most fungal taxa displayed mosaic abundance distribution across the landscape, suggesting that the successional dynamics of fungal communities are largely governed by stochastic processes. A co-occurrence network analysis revealed that biotic interactions between bacteria and fungi are very weak in early succession. Taken together, these results collectively suggest that bacterial and fungal communities in recently deglaciated soils are largely decoupled from each other during succession and exert very divergent trajectories of succession and assembly under different selective forces.
: Metadata consists of soil physicochemical properties and a summary of the sequencing result for bacterial and fungal communities of glacier foreland in Potter Cove on King George Island.
: Bacterial(16S V4 region) ASV table
: Fungal(ITS2 region) ASV table
Korea Polar Research Institute, Award: PE20070